Visual Problems Requiring Evaluation

Do you or any family members have a history of high blood pressure, diabetes, glaucoma, macular degeneration, stinging/burning eyes, watery eyes?  We can arrange an eye health appointment with Dr. Kulvir Dhaliwal along with diagnostic scans.

The eye is composed of several delicate structures, such as the cornea, iris, lens, and retina. All of these structures are susceptible to injury, disease or the effects of age, and when they are affected, vision may be compromised. Any questionable suspicious symptom or problem should be evaluated by a trusted ophthalmologist promptly for the best chances of an accurate diagnoses and full rehabilitation.


Dry Eyes

What is dry eye?

Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance and tear film instability.  Potential damage to the ocular surface can occur with dry eye and it can be accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflammation of the ocular surface.

During your dry eye clinic appointment, a series of evaluations will be performed to determine the cause of your dry eye.  Knowing what is causing your dry eye will help your doctor determine the best treatment option.

When it comes to treating dry eyes, no two individuals are the same, which is why we’ll customize your treatment specifically to your need and situation.

Treatment may Include:

  • Tear Osmolarity: Measures the osmolarity (saltiness) of your tears
  • Eyelid Cleansing: Antimicrobial cleansing using tea tree oil
  • Steam Goggle: Eyelid warming device used in 10 minute sessions
  • Topical Steroids: Used for a short duration to settle chronic inflammation
  • Cyclospoine Drops: Used to treat chronic inflammatory dry eye
  • Non-preserved Lubricating Drops: Replenish, moisturize, and comfort the ocular service
  • Punctal Plugs: Device inserted into tear ducts to prevent drainage of tears
  • Omega-3 Supplements: Essential oils build the lipid layer in the tear film
  • Tea Tree Oil Wipes: Helps to manage inflammation

Read Dry Eye pdf information sheet >>

Refractive Errors

Refractive errors are the most common kind of vision problem. Refractive errors include nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. A refractive error means the cornea has an abnormal shape or curvature and the eye is unable to focus light directly onto the retina. Refractive errors make it difficult to see objects that are close by, far away or both.


Presbyopia is the age-related loss of near vision. It occurs when the eye’s naturally flexible lens starts to become thicker and more rigid, making it difficult for the eye to focus up close. Adults tend to develop presbyopia usually around the age of 40 and, because of the condition, have difficulty with activities such as reading, sewing, sending a text message or using a computer.

Corneal Disorders

The cornea is the clear surface of the eye that is responsible for protecting the iris and the lens, and focusing light on the retina. It can become inflamed or infected, or it can develop an abnormal shape or curvature that compromises vision and causes pain, tearing or other symptoms.


Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens. With age, the proteins that make up the lens start to clump together, clouding the lens. Over time, cataracts make it more difficult to see clearly. Having a cataract is a little like looking through a frosted or dirty window. New techniques and technology at FVCL allow cataract surgery to be a quick and relatively painless procedure. Moreover, special higher-technology lenses implanted in the eye can help you see even without glasses.

Retinal DisordersFVCL-10.jpg

The retina is the layer of light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that is responsible for sending images to the brain (through the optic nerve). The central portion of the retina, called the macula, is responsible for sharp central vision; the area surrounding the macula is responsible for sharp peripheral vision. The retina can develop a variety of disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, retinal tear or retinal detachment.

Problems with the Optic Nerve

The optic nerve connects the retina to the brain. When it sustains damage or is affected by a disease, vision loss can result. An example is glaucoma, a disease in which the pressure inside the eye grows and eventually damages the optic nerve. Or, the optic nerve can become inflamed and lose its protective sheath, causing blurring and blind spots.

Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders

The conjunctiva is the membrane lining the eyelid and covering the sclera — the white layer covering the eyeball. These structures help to keep foreign objects out of the eyes and to provide structural strength and protection. They are susceptible to inflammation, infection, and irritation.

Contact Fraser Valley Cataract & Laser

If you have experienced a troubling visual symptom or a decrease or loss of vision, schedule a prompt evaluation with the professionals at Fraser Valley Cataract & Laser. We will perform diagnostic testing and examination to identify the problem and start treatment immediately. Call us at 604-372-(EYES) 3937 today to make an appointment with our team.

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